Most stone walls can be classified according to the manner in which they were built. Historical walls include “dumped walls,” which are simply rows of piled stones, “tossed walls,” in which the stones were stacked loosely like firewood, and “laid walls” in which stones are woven together to fit tightly without mortar. Most old New England walls are tossed. However, there are beautiful historical examples of laid walls, and these are typically what modern walls imitate. There are also “copestone walls,” distinguished by a top tier of stone laid on edge rather than flat. Professional landscape design services, such as what we offer at Gerbert, can allow you to make the most of any stonework already on your property, or plan for new masonry to make the best use of your space.